Many organizations sent Indian residents for special abroad at their own expense, expecting that these people will return and give back to the organization or to the country what they learned abroad. Instead, they got resignation letters from most of these people who opt to settle down abroad, thus disappointing not only the specific organization, but also the entire country. There must be something that makes them behave like this. People do not like to ditch others unless there is a good reason. Let us see and discuss why this happens and how to stop such actions in future.
A brain drain is a large emigration of individuals with the Knowledge or Technical skills, usually due to conflict, political instability, lack of opportunity, or health risks. A brain drain is generally regarded as an economic cost, because emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their teaching sponsored by government.
Do you believe brain drain, regularly known as a main problem in our country is essentially a bad thing? I don’t think so. In reality it is a big gift that capable minds are able to depart the country and track their goals and dreams elsewhere. At the first glimpse, it seems like a huge loss. A significant number of young people are parting the country. It looks like the state is losing a lot of knowledgeable and educated workforce.
However, what will happen if they seal the borders and detain all this talent inside the nation? Would they be able to grow and be as creative as they would like to? Would they cause a technological revolution or will they join the queue of unemployed people as well as produce more problems for our already worried society?
The biggest benefit of brain drain is that all those individual brains will get the opportunity to nurture in another atmosphere where they get more support as well as have more freedom to boom and this is why they leave. From a universal point of view, it will help talents develop and not be shattered. Here is a plain example, a very intelligent friend of mine got a medal in the International Physics Olympics as well as entered the university with no concourse. He graduated with most excellent marks, passed the Masters Entrance exam however was failed for some silly reason. For some time he unsuccessfully tried to get around the difficulty, but at the end he gave up and determined to study his masters out of the country. Now he is a PhD as well as lives happily and works in the States. Would someone else in his condition have done something else? I think no.
Furthermore, the knowledge that those young brilliant people gain overseas will be very helpful if they choose in a later phase to go back as well as settle down or engage in their country. The fact that young cultured people leave the country in the present situation is not only good for themselves however is also good for the world.
However on the other side, Brain drain is a severe loss due to the flow of the competent and effective sector of the country particularly oil producing states which are now in terrible need for trained and highly skilled employees. Brain drain influences all level of education in the world which suffers illiteracy estimation at 70 million people. The economy can also be affected due to expenditure on study whether state funded or privately. The migration even broadens the gap between the rich and poor countries. Brain drain is advantageous to the beneficiary countries as well as loss to countries of origin, because it deprives these countries from the innovations of their subjects. Such countries as a result have become culturally and technologically dependent on the West.
An answer to this would be to encourage entrepreneurs to produce good paying, employment. The Government is supposed to give concessions in tax as well as decrease the hassles concerned in setting up an industry. In this way we can make India’s workforce one of its major assets.
This is what I could think of. More suggestions are welcome.