Computers and communication technology continue to make an ever-increasing impact on all levels, education and training from primary to secondary and for distance learning. The computers in education are designed to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the educational process. Online education has revolutionized the education industry.
Computer managed instruction and curriculum integration are inevitable for educational purposes with the advancement of latest technology. It is important to integrate technology into classroom curriculum to organize resources. Reading and Language Arts, Social Science, Science and Mathematics are the main subjects to be integrated in curriculum.
Issues in educational computing are diversified, having legal issues, ethical issues along with a need to tackle with cyber crime hackers. For this purpose, the educational institutions need to ensure the safety on net. Effective network and telecommunication is an essential requirement for classrooms and laboratory. It is the part and parcel of the school curricula as the computer technology forms a deep impact in the modern education system.
The advantages of computers in education include an efficient storage and rendition of information, quick information processing and very importantly saving of paper! Home works and assignments submitted as soft copies save paper.In the modern era, the students find it easier to refer to the internet than searching for information in reference books. Today, the process of education has gone beyond learning from prescribed books. Moreover, its easier to store information on computers than maintaining hand-written notes! Thus we can say text-books versus computer teaching!
The computer technology has made the dream of distance learning into a reality! Education is no more limited to classrooms but it has reached far and wide. Internet plays an important role in education. The information on various subjects can be found to be taught to the students on internet. Computer facilitates an effective presentation of information. Software like Power-Point, and animation software are of great help to the teachers while delivering information.
Audio-Visual representation of information makes the process of learning interesting and interactive. Electronically erasable memory devices can be used repeatedly. It thus eases the process of learning.
Today, computer is an essential part in every industry. Life without computers would be unimaginable! It is evident that they are no more limited to software industry but computers are widely used in networking, information access, data storage and the processing of information. Therefore, IT experts recommend early introduction of computers in education for early childhood development stage because it lays a strong foundation of most of the major competitive careers.